Sunday, 29 September 2013

12 Most Popular Linux Distributions

Linux is a Unix based  computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. It was created by Finnish student name Linus Torvalds.
Its one of the popular UNIX operating system  among all. It offers excellent performance and speed. Linux is very stable and reliable in terms of usage. There are so many distributions in Linux OS . 
When compared to windows its  has more advantages like very cost effectiveness,faster,most secured,robust s/w availability and freedom of tools section. 
Going forward  I am going to deal with the top 12 distribution lists and their  details.

1) Linux Mint:

Linux Mint is an Ubuntu-based distribution whose goal is to provide a more complete out-of-the-box experience by including browser plugins, media codecs, support for DVD playback, Java and other components. It also adds a custom desktop and menus, several unique configuration tools, and a web-based package installation interface. Linux Mint is compatible with Ubuntu software repositories.


2) Debian

Debian is an operating system composed of free software mostly carrying the GNU General Public License.The operating system is developed by an internet collaboration of volunteers aligned with The Debian Project.
Debian GNU/Linux is one of the most popular Linux distributions for personal and Internet server machines.Debian is seen as a solid Linux, and as a consequence has been used as a base for other Linux distributions, Distrowatch lists 144 active Debian derivatives.Debian has been forked many times, but is not affiliated with its derivatives.

Debian  Summary
DistributionDebian
Home Pagehttp://www.debian.org/
Mailing Listshttp://www.debian.org/MailingLists/
User Forumshttp://forums.debian.net/
Documentationhttp://www.debian.org/doc/
Download Mirrorshttp://www.debian.org/distrib/
Bug Trackerhttp://bugs.debian.org/

3) Ubuntu

Ubuntu is an operating system based on the Linux kernel and the Linux distribution Debian, with Unity as its default desktop environment. It is distributed as free and open source software.
According to 2012 online surveys, Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution on desktop and laptop personal computers,and most Ubuntu coverage focuses on its use in that market. However, it is also popular on servers and for cloud computing.


4) Redhat

Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company that is engaged in providing open-source software products to the enterprise community.
Red Hat has become associated to a large extent with its enterprise operating system Red Hat Enterprise Linux and with the acquisition of open-source enterprise middleware vendor JBoss. Red Hat provides operating system platforms, middleware, applications, management products, and support, training, and consulting services.

Red Hat Summary
DistributionRed Hat (Enterprise) Linux
Home Pagehttp://www.redhat.com/
Mailing Listshttp://www.redhat.com/mailing-lists/
User Forums--
Documentationhttp://www.redhat.com/docs/
Download Mirrorshttp://www.redhat.com/download/mirror.html
Bug Trackerhttps://bugzilla.redhat.com/

5) Fedora

Fedora formerly Fedora Core, is an RPM-based, general purpose collection of software, including an operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and owned by Red Hat. The Fedora Project's mission is to lead the advancement of free and open source software and content as a collaborative community.
One of Fedora's main objectives is not only to contain software distributed under a free and open source license, but also to be on the leading edge of such technologies.Fedora developers prefer to make upstream changes instead of applying fixes specifically for Fedora—this ensures that their updates are available to all Linux distributions.


6) openSUSE

openSUSE is a general purpose operating system built on top of the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported openSUSE Project and sponsored by SUSE and a number of other companies.After Novell acquired SUSE Linux in January 2004,Novell decided to release the SUSE Linux Professional product as a 100% open source project.
In 2011 The Attachmate Group acquired Novell and split Novell and SUSE into two autonomous subsidiary companies. SUSE offers products and services around SUSE Linux Enterprise—their commercial offering that is based on openSUSE Linux.


7) CentOS

CentOS ("Community Enterprise Operating System") is a Linux distribution that attempts to provide a free enterprise class computing platform which has 100% binary compatibility with its upstream source, Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). As of version 6.4, it officially supports x86 and x86-64 architecture with Physical Address Extension, while a beta is expected to be available for PowerPC.
The first CentOS was based upon RHEL version 2.1AS, and was numbered as CentOS version 2.
Originally, CentOS Linux (before it was thus named) was a build artifact for cAos Linux. Several of the cAos contributors at the time were really just interested in this build artifact for their own use, citing difficulties in collaborating with other noteworthy RHEL clones of the time.

CentOS Summary
DistributionCentOS
Home Pagehttp://www.centos.org/
Mailing Listshttp://www.centos.org/modules/tinycontent/
User Forumshttp://www.centos.org/modules/newbb/
Documentation--
Download Mirrorshttp://www.centos.org/modules/tinycontent/
Bug Trackerhttp://bugs.centos.org/

8) PCLinuxOS

PCLinuxOS, often shortened to PCLOS, is a GNU/Linux distribution, with KDE Plasma Desktop as its default user interface. It is a primarily free software operating system for personal computers aimed at ease of use. It is considered as a rolling release.
The precursor to PCLinuxOS was a set of RPM packages created to improve successive versions of Mandrake Linux (now Mandriva Linux).
PCLinuxOS Summary
DistributionPCLinuxOS
Home Pagehttp://www.pclinuxos.com/
Mailing Lists--
User Forumshttp://www.pclinuxos.com/forum
Documentation--
Download Mirrorshttp://pclinuxos.com/?page_id=10
Bug Tracker--

9) PinGuy OS

Pinguy OS is a free computer operating system (a Linux distribution) for x86 and x86-64 based PCs based on Ubuntu Linux.
For those not familiar with Pinguy OS, this is an Ubuntu-based distro with lots of applications installed by default as well as tweaks that you won't find in any other distro, at least by default. Pinguy OS comes with many little things that make your life easier as well as under-the-hood optimizations and tweaks such as ZRam and Preload installed by default, aimed at providing a better default experience.

Pinguy Summary
DistributionPinguy OS
Home Pagehttp://www.pinguyos.com/
Mailing Lists--
User Forumshttp://forum.pinguyos.com/
Documentation--
Download Mirrorshttp://sourceforge.net/projects/pinguy-os/files/
Bug Tracker--

10) Gentoo

Gentoo Linux named after the Gentoo Penguin, is a computer operating system built on top of the Linux kernel and based on the Portage package management system. It is distributed as free and open source software. Unlike a conventional software distribution, the user compiles the source code locally according to that user's chosen configuration.

Gentoo Summary
DistributionGentoo Linux
Home Pagehttp://www.gentoo.org/
Mailing Listshttp://www.gentoo.org/main/en/lists.xml
User Forumshttp://forums.gentoo.org/
Documentationhttp://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml
http://wiki.gentoo.org/
Download Mirrorshttp://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml
Bug Trackerhttp://bugs.gentoo.org/

11) Hybryde Evolution


Hybryde Linux is an Ubuntu-based distribution for the desktop. Its most unusual feature is an option to switch rapidly between multiple desktop environments and window manager without logging out - the list includes Enlightenment 17, GNOME 3 (GNOME Shell and GNOME 3 "Fallback" mode), KDE, LXDE, Openbox, Unity, Xfce and FVWM. This is achieved via a highly customisable Hy-menu, which also allows launching applications and configuring the system. All open applications are carried to any of the available desktops. The system offers an interesting way to work fluidly in a multi-desktop environment. 

Hybryde Summary
DistributionHybryde Linux
Home Pagehttp://www.hybryde.org/
Mailing Lists--
User Forumshttp://hybryde.cluster015.ovh.net/forum/
Documentation--
Download Mirrorshttp://mirror.layerjet.com/hybryde/
Bug Tracker--

12) Mageia

Mageia is a Linux computer operating system, distributed as free and open source software. It is forked from the Mandriva Linux distribution.
Mageia was created in 2010 as a fork of Mandriva Linux,by a group of former employees of Mandriva S.A. and several other developers and users and supporters of the Mandriva community.
Mageia Summary
DistributionMageia
Home Pagehttp://www.mageia.org/
Mailing Listshttps://www.mageia.org/mailman/
User Forumshttps://forums.mageia.org/
Documentationhttps://wiki.mageia.org/
Download Mirrorshttp://mageia.org/en/downloads/
http://mirrors.mageia.org/
Bug Trackerhttp://bugs.mageia.org/

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